Egypt’s President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has announced a three-month state of emergency after attacks on two Coptic churches that left at least forty-four people dead.
The measure allows authorities to make arrests without warrants and search people’s homes. But it needs to be approved by parliament before it is implemented.
Mr. Sisi made a defiant speech at the presidential palace after a meeting of the national Defence council to discuss the explosions.
He warned that the war against the jihadists would be “long and painful”, and said that the state of emergency would come into force after all “legal and constitution steps” were taken. The majority in parliament backs Mr. Sisi.
The president had earlier ordered the deployment of the military across the country to protect “vital and important infrastructure”.
The move by Mr. Sisi is likely to raise concerns among human rights activists, observers say, the president, who is a former army chief, has been criticized by local and international groups for severe restrictions on civil and political rights in Egypt.
The attacks coincided with one of the holiest days in the Christian calendar, marking the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem.
IS said that two suicide bombers carried out the blasts. One targeted St George’s Coptic Church in the northern city of Tanta, where 27 people were killed.
The other was on St Mark’s Coptic Church in Alexandria, also in the north leaving 17 dead, including several police officers.
The blasts came weeks before an expected visit by Pope Francis intended to show support for the country’s Christians, who make up about 10% of Egypt’s population and have long complained of being vulnerable and marginalised.